Coach an ELO
Coaching is a different way of teaching
Teachers working with students on ELOs may experience a significant change in their interactions with students. Teacher time and effort is spent less on instructing and directing students, and more on coaching behavior and application. Coaching an ELO isn’t harder than traditional teaching – it’s just different.
ELO coaches, as in a sport, do not do the work themselves and often can’t foresee the exact outcome of their efforts, but their expertise, attention, and feedback give students the opportunity to accomplish their goals. Coaching an ELO requires enough familiarity with the material to allow for mistakes, encourage exploration, and reward risk.
Coaches often work in teams, with specific roles assigned to each person.
Tips for coaching students
Good ELOs are community-based, produce original knowledge and/or a product, and support disciplined inquiry. This means students:
- don’t just learn about famous mathematicians, historians, or artists;
- they become mathematicians, historians, or artists, engaging in all the messy decisions, uncertainties, and successes that come with real work.
Coaching project management
Teachers will need to help students plan for known challenges and overcome unforeseen ones. Students need support to learn how to break down a project and make realistic deadlines, and then adjust (and sometimes deal with the consequences) when a deadline is missed. Most importantly, teachers help students learn to communicate:
- what they want to learn
- what they don’t know
- what’s getting in the way
- what they did learn
- how they grew as a learner
This reflection ELO Journal template (MSWord) shared by Angela Bourassa, ELO Coordinator at Manchester Central High School, is an example of a useful formative assessment tool to track a student’s progress.
Coaching reflection and communication
A student needs to be doing most of the work in an ELO, not the teacher nor the community partner. This is often a subtle yet very important shift in student thinking. Good student communication improves feedback, goal setting, and collaboration. A clear reflection structure is a useful tool to fuel this growth.
When reflection is done right, it elevates the student’s understanding of what they’re learning, how they learn it, and who they are as learners. It provides opportunities for them to develop a habit of self-advocacy and a feeling that they are finding their way in the world.
When a student is doing his or her work and reporting regularly in a clear reflection structure, the adults are free to focus on the direction and execution of the ELO. This does not mean students should be able to go for periods of time without accounting for their progress or lack thereof. Students often go incommunicado when they run into challenges, and it’s the adults’ job to look out for red flags during the ELO, especially if the red flag is a lack of communication.
Community partners should be encouraged to engage with students in their reflection process by any means available to them.
Providing purposeful feedback
Regular and timely feedback is the most important thing we can provide to a student to support learning. Helpful feedback is tangible, actionable, specific and personalized, timely, and ongoing.
Seven Keys to Effective Feedback, by Grant Wiggins, has specific suggestions. Set clear expectations for:
- when feedback will be given
- where it will be given
- why it comes at that point in the ELO
- who will provide it
- what will be covered
5 Research-Based Tips for Providing Students with Meaningful Feedback, from Edutopia, is a good quick read on feedback.
Rubrics are useful to collect a snapshot (formative assessment) of each feedback session. Multiple snapshots will provide a vision of the student’s evolving successes and challenges.
Recommended structure for feedback:
- You are here [level].
- You can get here [higher level]
- by doing this [specific action item]
Working with community partners
Teachers and community partners both coach students doing ELOs. They may use different vocabularies and go about helping students in very different ways. In order to complement each other’s efforts, both need to articulate what each brings to the ELO and to the student. Both contribute to the ELO design (along with the student), both give feedback on student reflections and research, and both provide their own perspective on the student’s project and presentation of learning.
Community Partner Template
Developing and nurturing community partner sites is a key element in overall ELO program success. The Community Partner Template outlines important steps and strategies for building strong community relationships. Completing and following the template will help make an ELO successful, and help the staff of an ELO program navigate and keep track of the variety of tasks required to support an ELO. Note that the template is a guideline for a process; it does not substitute for a handbook of policies and procedures for your school’s own program.
The template has five steps, some of which can be done at the same time. Steps 2a and 2b can be done at the same time, as well as steps 4a and 4b.